Consultative #Council of #European #Judges (#CCJE)

The Council of Europe attaches great importance to the status of judges and the quality of the justice system because of the rule of law and the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms – which are key values for the Organisation – depend for their implementation on a strong and independent judiciary. The CCJE may be requested by member States to look into specific problems concerning the status and/or the situation of judges. It addresses topical issues and, if necessary, visits the countries concerned to discuss the ways of improving the existing situation through developing legislation, institutional framework and/or judicial practice.

The CCJE, consultative body concerning independence, impartiality and competence of judges, highlights the essential role of the judicial power in a democratic society. The CCJE is the first body in an international organisation composed exclusively of judges and constitutes therefore a unique body at the European level. Information Leaflet about the CCJE


The CCJE has an advisory function on general questions relating to independence, impartiality and competence of judges. This leads it to prepare opinions for the attention of the Committee of Ministers. The CCJE may also receive requests for opinions from other Council of Europe bodies. Although the opinions given by the CCJE take account of existing national situations, they mainly contain innovative proposals for improving the status of judges and the service provided to members of the public seeking justice.


The Opinions that the CCJE adopted annually since 2001 and the Magna Carta of Judges adopted in 2010 can be found in the COLLECTION of the Opinions of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE) and Magna Carta of Judges


On the occasion of its 10th anniversary, the CCJE adopted, during its 11th plenary meeting (November 2010), a Magna Carta of Judges (Fundamental Principles) summarising and codifying the main conclusions of the Opinions that it already adopted. The Magna Carta is available in Armenian BulgarianCatalanCroatianCzech FrenchGermanGreekItalianLithuanianMacedonianPolishSerbianSlovakianSlovenianSpanish and Romanian.




Robert Williams

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