Court of Justice of the European Union: News and general presentation


General Presentation

Since the establishment of the Court of Justice of the European Union in 1952, its mission has been to ensure that “the law is observed” “in the interpretation and application” of the Treaties.

As part of that mission, the Court of Justice of the European Union:

  • reviews the legality of the acts of the institutions of the European Union,
  • ensures that the Member States comply with obligations under the Treaties, and
  • interprets European Union law at the request of the national courts and tribunals.

The Court thus constitutes the judicial authority of the European Union and, in cooperation with the courts and tribunals of the Member States, it ensures the uniform application and interpretation of EU law.
The Court of Justice of the European Union, which has its seat in Luxembourg, consists of two courts: the Court of Justice and the General Court (created in 1988). The Civil Service Tribunal, established in 2004, ceased to operate on 1 September 2016 after its jurisdiction was transferred to the General Court in the context of the reform of the European Union’s judicial structure.

As each Member State has its own language and specific legal system, the Court of Justice of the European Union is a multilingual institution. Its language arrangements have no equivalent in any other court in the world, since each of the official languages of the European Union can be the language of a case. The Court is required to observe the principle of multilingualism in full, because of the need to communicate with the parties in the language of the proceedings and to ensure that its case-law is disseminated throughout the Member States.

Press releases


No 135/2020 : 29 October 2020
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State aid
According to Advocate General Tanchev, the Court should dismiss the appeal of the Commission against the judgment of the General Court on support measures adopted by an Italian consortium of banks for the benefit of one of its members


No 134/2020 : 29 October 2020
bg es cs da de et el en fr hr it lv lt hu mt nl pl pt ro sk sl fi sv
Social security for migrant workers
The refusal by a patient’s Member State of affiliation to grant prior authorisation for the reimbursement of cross-border healthcare costs when effective hospital treatment is available in that Member State but the method of treatment used is against the insured person’s religious beliefs brings about a difference in treatment indirectly based on religion


No 133/2020 : 28 October 2020
bg es cs de el en fr hr it hu nl pl pt ro sk
Traffic police-related costs cannot be taken into account in the calculation of tolls for the use of the trans-European road network by heavy goods vehicles


No 132/2020 : 15 October 2020
es cs de en fr it hu pl pt sk
According to Advocate General Kokott, the Polish tax on the retail sector and the Hungarian advertisement tax do not infringe EU State aid rules


No 131/2020 : 8 October 2020
Order of the Court of Justice in Case C-201/20 P(R)
Junqueras i Vies v Parliament
Law governing the institutions


No 130/2020 : 8 October 2020
es de en fr nl pl pt
Freedom of establishment
A customer may submit a complaint against the operator of the national grid following a power failure


No 129/2020 : 8 October 2020
es de el en fr it pt
Approximation of laws
France validly informed the Commission of the need to take measures intended, in particular, to protect bees


No 128/2020 : 6 October 2020
bg es cs da de et el en fr hr it lv lt hu mt nl pl pt ro sk sl fi sv
Entrée en fonctions des nouveaux membres à la Cour de justice de l’Union européenne


No 127/2020 : 6 October 2020
es en fr
The right to an effective remedy guaranteed by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union requires that persons who hold information that is requested by the national administration, in the context of a cooperation procedure between Member States, must be able to bring a direct action against such a request. Nevertheless, Member States may deny the taxpayer subject to the tax investigation and the third parties concerned by the information in question the right to bring such a direct action, provided that there are other remedies enabling them to obtain an incidental review of that request


No 126/2020 : 6 October 2020
Judgment of the Court of Justice in Case C-181/19
Jobcenter Krefeld
de fr pl
Freedom of movement for persons



Robert Williams

Editor in Chief

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